A general physician is a medical doctor who specialises in many diseases affecting the body, whose primary treatment does not involve surgery.
The general physician will tailor the examination to the presenting complaint. An experienced physician can learn a great deal from simple observation. Looking at nails, hands, skin, eyes and mouth may give some clues. Then examining your heart, lungs, abdomen and if necessary your nervous system (brain and nerves) will complete the picture. Your physician will now decide on the most appropriate investigations (tests) to undertake to confirm their clinical suspicions.
All medical conditions are either chronic or acute. This may include conditions that affect the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal system, the neurological system, the haematological system or the endocrine system. Examples of conditions:
- Cardiovascular system
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Ischemic heart disease (angina, heart attack)
- Respiratory system
- Emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Lung fibrosis
- Gastrointestinal system
- Liver disease including alcoholic lever disease
- Neurological system
- Cerebrovascular accident (strokes)
- Epilepsy (seizures)
- Thyroid disease
- Pituitary disease